Free Access
Issue
Réanimation
Volume 24, Number 5, Septembre 2015
Neurologie-urgences
Page(s) 471 - 497
Section Mise Au Point / Update
DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s13546-015-1098-7
Published online 30 July 2015
  • Shannon CE (1949) Communication in the presence of noise. Proceedings of the IEEE, 86, n° 2, February 1998 [Google Scholar]
  • Ferree TC, Clay MT, Tucker DM (2001) The spatial resolution of scalp EEG. Neurocomputing 38–40:1209–16 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Tanaka N, Stufflebeam SM (2014) Clinical application of spatiotemporal distributed source analysis in presurgical evaluation of epilepsy. Front Hum Neurosci 8:62 [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • André-Obadia N, Sauleau P, Cheliout-Heraut F, et al (2014) French guidelines on electroencephalogram. Neurophysiol Clin 44:515–612 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Rosenberg SD, Perin B, Michel V, et al (2015) EEG in adults in the laboratory or at the patient's bedside. Neurophysiol Clin 45:19–37 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Mountcastle VB (1998) Perceptual neuroscience: the cerebral cortex. MA: Harvard University Press [Google Scholar]
  • Bullock TH (1997) Signals and signs in the nervous system: the dynamic anatomy of electrical activity is probably information-rich. Proc Natl Acad Sci 94:1–6 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Kirschstein T, Köhling R (2009) What is the source of the EEG? Clin EEG Neurosci 40:146–9 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Buzsáki G, Anastassiou CA, Koch C (2012) The origin of extracellular fields and currents — EEG, ECoG, LFP and spikes. Nat Neurosci 13:407–20 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Herman ST, Abend NS, Bleck TP, et al (2015) Consensus statement on continuous EEG in critically ill adults and children, part I: indications. J Clin Neurophysiol 32:87–95 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Sutter R, Stevens RD, Kaplan PW (2013) Continuous electroencephalographic monitoring in critically ill patients: indications, limitations, and strategies. Crit Care Med 41:1124–32 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Herman ST, Abend NS, Bleck TP, et al (2015) Consensus statement on continuous EEG in critically ill adults and children, part II: personnel, technical specifications, and clinical practice. J Clin Neurophysiol 32:96–108 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Friberg H, Westhall E, Rosén I, et al (2013) Clinical review: continuous and simplified electroencephalography to monitor brain recovery after cardiac arrest. Crit Care 17:233 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Crespel A, Gélisse P (2005) Atlas délectroencéphalographie — Tome I. John Libbey Eurotext [Google Scholar]
  • Vespignani H (2003) L'EEG. John Libbey Eurotext [Google Scholar]
  • Plum F, Posner JB (1982) Diagnosis of stupor and coma. Oxford University Press, USA [Google Scholar]
  • Hockaday JM, Potts F, Epstein E, et al (1965) Electroencephalographic changes in acute cerebral anoxia from cardiac or respiratory arrest. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol 18:575–86 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Synek VM (1988) Prognostically important EEG coma patterns in diffuse anoxic and traumatic encephalopathies in adults. J Clin Neurophysiol 5:161 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Sutter R, Kaplan PW (2013) Neuroimaging correlates of acute encephalopathy. J Clin Neurophysiol 30:517–25 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Jordan KG (1995) Neurophysiologic monitoring in the neuroscience intensive care unit. Neurol Clin 13:579–626 [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Claassen J, Mayer SA, Kowalski RG, et al (2004) Detection of electrographic seizures with continuous EEG monitoring in critically ill patients. Neurology 62:1743–8 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Vespa PM, O'Phelan K, Shah M, et al (2003) Acute seizures after intracerebral hemorrhage: a factor in progressive midline shift and outcome. Neurology 60:1441–6 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Claassen J, Jetté N, Chum F, et al (2007) Electrographic seizures and periodic discharges after intracerebral hemorrhage. Neurology 69:1356–65 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Vespa PM, Nuwer MR, Nenov V, et al (1999) Increased incidence and impact of nonconvulsive and convulsive seizures after traumatic brain injury as detected by continuous electroencephalographic monitoring. J Neurosurg 91:750–60 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Vespa PM, Miller C, McArthur D, et al (2007) Nonconvulsive electrographic seizures after traumatic brain injury result in a delayed, prolonged increase in intracranial pressure and metabolic crisis. Crit Care Med 35:2830–6 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Velly L, Pellegrini L, Bruder N (2012) EEG in intensive care unit: which indications, which material? Ann Fr Anesth Reanim 31:e145–e53 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Crepeau AZ, Rabinstein AA, Fugate JE, et al (2013) Continuous EEG in therapeutic hypothermia after cardiac arrest: prognostic and clinical value. Neurology 80:339–44 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Milani P, Malissin I, Tran-Dinh YR, et al (2014) Prognostic EEG patterns in patients resuscitated from cardiac arrest with particular focus on Generalized Periodic Epileptiform Discharges (GPEDs). Neurophysiol Clin 44:153–64 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • San-Juan OD, Chiappa KH, Costello DJ, Cole AJ (2009) Periodic epileptiform discharges in hypoxic encephalopathy: BiPLEDs and GPEDs as a poor prognosis for survival. Seizure 18:365–8 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Pell JP, Sirel JM, Marsden AK, et al (2003) Presentation, management, and outcome of out of hospital cardiopulmonary arrest: comparison by underlying aetiology. Heart 89:839–42 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Nolan JP, Neumar RW, Adrie C, et al (2008) Post-cardiac arrest syndrome: epidemiology, pathophysiology, treatment, and prognostication. A Scientific Statement from the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation; the American Heart Association Emergency Cardiovascular Care Committee; the Council on Cardiovascular Surgery and Anesthesia; the Council on Cardiopulmonary, Perioperative, and Critical Care; the Council on Clinical Cardiology; the Council on Stroke. Resuscitation 79:350–79 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Oddo M, Rossetti AO (2014) Early multimodal outcome prediction after cardiac arrest in patients treated with hypothermia. Crit Care Med 42:1340–7 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Rossetti AO, Oddo M, Logroscino G, Kaplan PW (2010) Prognostication after cardiac arrest and hypothermia: a prospective study. Ann Neurol 67:301–7 [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Bauer G, Trinka E (2010) Nonconvulsive status epilepticus and coma. Epilepsia 51:177–90 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Navarro V, Engrand N, Gélisse P (2009) Place de l’électroencéphalogramme dans l’état de mal épileptique. Rev Neurol 165:328–37 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • Crespel A, Gélisse P, Bureau M, Genton P (2006) Atlas d'électroencéphalographie, tome 2. John Libbey Eurotext [Google Scholar]
  • Chapman MG, Smith M, Hirsch NP (2001) Status epilepticus. Anaesthesia 56:648–59 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Treiman DM (2006) Generalized convulsive status epilepticus. In: CG W, Treiman DM (eds) Status Epilepticus. Mechanisms and management. MIT Press, Cambridge Massachussets, pp 55–68 [Google Scholar]
  • Michelle B, Pierre G, Charlotte D (2012) Epileptic Syndromes in Infancy, Childhood and Adolescence — 5th edition. John Libbey Eurotext [Google Scholar]
  • Thomas P (2000) États de mal épileptiques à symptomatologie confusionnelle. Neurophysiol Clin 30:147–54 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Towne AR, Waterhouse EJ, Boggs JG, et al (2000) Prevalence of nonconvulsive status epilepticus in comatose patients. Neurology 54:340–5 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Young GB, Jordan KG, Doig GS (1996) An assessment of nonconvulsive seizures in the intensive care unit using continuous EEG monitoring: an investigation of variables associated with mortality. Neurology 47:83–9 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Shafi MM, Westover MB, Cole AJ, et al (2012) Absence of early epileptiform abnormalities predicts lack of seizures on continuous EEG. Neurology 79:1796–801 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Pohlmann-Eden B, Hoch DB, Cochius JI, Chiappa KH (1996) Periodic lateralized epileptiform discharges — a critical review. J Clin Neurophysiol 13:519 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • García-Morales I, García MT, Galán-Dávila L, et al (2002) Periodic lateralized epileptiform discharges: etiology, clinical aspects, seizures, and evolution in 130 patients. J Clin Neurophysiol 19:172 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Dunand AC, Jallon P (2002) Pseudoperiodic and paroxysmal electroencephalographic activities. Neurophysiol Clin 32:2–37 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Ben Hamouda I, Adam C, Baulac M, Navarro V (2005) Pseudo-epilepticus styfus: a study of 13 cases. Epilepsia 46:337 [Google Scholar]
  • Howell SJ, Owen L, Chadwick DW (1989) Pseudostatus epilepticus. Q J Med 71:507–19 [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • DeLorenzo RJ, Waterhouse EJ, Towne AR, et al (1998) Persistent nonconvulsive status epilepticus after the control of convulsive status epilepticus. Epilepsia 39:833–40 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Treiman DM, Meyers PD, Walton NY, et al (1998) A comparison of four treatments for generalized convulsive status epilepticus. Veterans Affairs Status Epilepticus Cooperative Study Group. N Engl J Med 339:792–8 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Krishnamurthy KB, Drislane FW (1999) Depth of EEG suppression and outcome in barbiturate anesthetic treatment for refractory status epilepticus. Epilepsia 40:759–62 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Jaitly R, Sgro JA, Towne AR, et al (1997) Prognostic value of EEG monitoring after status epilepticus: a prospective adult study. J Clin Neurophysiol 14:326–34 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Kiloh LG, McComas AJ ja, Osselton JW (1972) Anatomy and physiology of the cerebral cortex. Kirjassa: Kiloh LG, McComas AJ ja Osselton JW, toim. Clinical electroencephalography. Butterworths, London [Google Scholar]
  • Reginald G, Bickford HRB (1955) Hepatic coma: the electroencephalographic pattern. J Clin Invest 34:790–9 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Corsellis JA, Goldberg GJ, Norton AR (1968) “Limbic encephalitis” and its association with carcinoma. Brain 91:481–96 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Gultekin SH, Rosenfeld MR, Voltz R, et al (2000) Paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis: neurological symptoms, immunological findings and tumour association in 50 patients. Brain 123:1481–94 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Rudzinski LA, Pittock SJ, McKeon A, et al (2011) Extratemporal EEG and MRI findings in ANNA-1 (anti-Hu) encephalitis. Epilepsy Res 95:255–62 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Dalmau J, Tüzün E, Wu HY, et al (2007) Paraneoplastic anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis associated with ovarian teratoma. Ann Neurol 61:25–36 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Titulaer MJ, McCracken L, Gabilondo I, et al (2013) Treatment and prognostic factors for long-term outcome in patients with anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis: an observational cohort study. Lancet Neurol 12:157–65 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Irani SR, Bera K, Waters P, et al (2010) N-methyl-D-aspartate antibody encephalitis: temporal progression of clinical and paraclinical observations in a predominantly non-paraneoplastic disorder of both sexes. Brain 133:1655–67 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Dalmau J, Gleichman AJ, Hughes EG, et al (2008) Anti-NMDA-receptor encephalitis: case series and analysis of the effects of antibodies. Lancet Neurol 7:1091–8 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Schmitt SE, Pargeon K, Frechette ES, et al (2012) Extreme delta brush: a unique EEG pattern in adults with anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis. Neurology 79:1094–100 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Irani SR, Alexander S, Waters P, et al (2010) Antibodies to Kv1 potassium channel-complex proteins leucine-rich, glioma inactivated 1 protein and contactin-associated protein-2 in limbic encephalitis, Morvan’s syndrome and acquired neuromyotonia. Brain 133:2734–48 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Lai M, Huijbers MG, Lancaster E, et al (2010) Investigation of LGI1 as the antigen in limbic encephalitis previously attributed to potassium channels: a case series. Lancet Neurol 9:776–85 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Lai M, Hughes EG, Peng X, et al (2009) AMPA receptor antibodies in limbic encephalitis alter synaptic receptor location. Ann Neurol 65:424–34 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Lancaster E, Lai M, Peng X, et al (2010) Antibodies to the GABAB receptor in limbic encephalitis with seizures: case series and characterisation of the antigen. Lancet Neurol 9:67–76 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Höftberger R, Titulaer MJ, Sabater L, et al (2013) Encephalitis and GABAB receptor antibodies: novel findings in a new case series of 20 patients. Neurology 81:1500–6 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Petit-Pedrol M, Armangué T, Peng X, et al (2014) Encephalitis with refractory seizures, status epilepticus, and antibodies to the GABAA receptor: a case series, characterisation of the antigen, and analysis of the effects of antibodies. Lancet Neurol 13:276–86 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Carvajal-González A, Leite MI, Waters P, et al (2014) Glycine receptor antibodies in PERM and related syndromes: characteristics, clinical features and outcomes. Brain 137:2178–92 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Boronat A, Gelfand JM, Gresa-Arribas N, et al (2013) Encephalitis and antibodies to dipeptidyl-peptidase-like protein-6, a subunit of Kv4.2 potassium channels. Ann Neurol 73:120–8 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.

Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.

Initial download of the metrics may take a while.