Free Access
Volume 24, Number 3, Mai 2015
Page(s) 303 - 309
Section Article Original / Original Article
Published online 31 March 2015
  • Bone RC, Balk RA, Cerra FB, et al (1992) Definitions for sepsis and organ failure and guidelines for the use of innovative therapies in sepsis. The ACCP/SCCM Consensus Conference Committee. American College of Chest Physicians/Society of Critical Care Medicine. Chest 101:1644–1655 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Vincent JL, Opal SM, Marshall JC, et al (2013) Sepsis definitions: time for change. Lancet 381:774–775 [Google Scholar]
  • Angus DC, Linde-Zwirble WT, Lidicker J, et al (2001) Epidemiology of severe sepsis in the United States: analysis of incidence, outcome, and associated costs of care. Crit Care Med 29:1303–1310 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Martin GS, Mannino DM, Eaton S, et al (2003) The epidemiology of sepsis in the United States from 1979 through 2000. N Engl J Med 348:1546–1554 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Annane D, Aegerter P, Jars-Guincestre MC, et al (2003) Current epidemiology of septic shock: the CUB-Rea Network. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 168:165–172 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Quenot JP, Binquet C, Kara F, et al (2013) The epidemiology of septic shock in French intensive care units: the prospective multicenter cohort EPISS study. Crit Care 17:R65 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Adrie C, Azoulay E, Francais A, et al (2007) Influence of gender on the outcome of severe sepsis: a reappraisal. Chest 132:1786–1793 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Galbois A, Aegerter P, Martel-Samb P, et al (2014) Improved prognosis of septic shock in patients with cirrhosis: a multicenter study. Crit Care Med 42:1666–1675 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Le Gall JR, Lemeshow S, Saulnier F. 1993) A new Simplified Acute Physiology Score (SAPS II) based on a European/North American multicenter study. JAMA 270:2957–2963 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Larche J, Azoulay E, Fieux F, et al (2003) Improved survival of critically ill cancer patients with septic shock. Intensive Care Med 29:1688–1695 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Guidet B, Aegerter P, Gauzit R, et al (2005) Incidence and impact of organ dysfunctions associated with sepsis. Chest 127:942–951 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Finfer S, Bellomo R, Lipman J, et al (2004) Adult-population incidence of severe sepsis in Australian and New Zealand intensive care units. Intensive Care Med 30:589–596 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Martin CM, Priestap F, Fisher H, et al (2009) A prospective, observational registry of patients with severe sepsis: the Canadian Sepsis Treatment and Response Registry. Crit Care Med 37:81–88 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Padkin A, Goldfrad C, Brady AR, et al (2003) Epidemiology of severe sepsis occurring in the first 24 hrs in intensive care units in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland. Crit Care Med 31:2332–2338 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Brun-Buisson C, Doyon F, Carlet J, et al (1995) Incidence, risk factors, and outcome of severe sepsis and septic shock in adults. A multicenter prospective study in intensive care units. French ICU Group for Severe Sepsis. JAMA 274:968–974 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Brun-Buisson C, Doyon F, Carlet J. 1996) Bacteremia and severe sepsis in adults: a multicenter prospective survey in ICUs and wards of 24 hospitals. French Bacteremia-Sepsis Study Group. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 154:617–624 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Zahar JR, Timsit JF, Garrouste-Orgeas M, et al (2011) Outcomes in severe sepsis and patients with septic shock: pathogen species and infection sites are not associated with mortality. Crit Care Med 39:1886–1895 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Zuber B, Tran TC, Aegerter P, et al (2012) Impact of case volume on survival of septic shock in patients with malignancies. Crit Care Med 40:55–62 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Annane D, Vignon P, Renault A, et al (2007) Norepinephrine plus dobutamine versus epinephrine alone for management of septic shock: a randomised trial. Lancet 370:676–684 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Kumar A, Roberts D, Wood KE, et al (2006) Duration of hypo-tension before initiation of effective antimicrobial therapy is the critical determinant of survival in human septic shock. Crit Care Med 34:1589–1596 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Rivers E, Nguyen B, Havstad S, et al (2001) Early goal-directed therapy in the treatment of severe sepsis and septic shock. N Engl J Med 345:1368–1377 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Annane D, Sebille V, Charpentier C, et al (2002) Effect of treatment with low doses of hydrocortisone and fludrocortisone on mortality in patients with septic shock. JAMA 288:862–871 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Martin CM, Doig GS, Heyland DK, et al (2004) Multicentre, cluster-randomized clinical trial of algorithms for critical-care enteral and parenteral therapy (ACCEPT). CMAJ 170:197–204 [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • van den Berghe G, Wouters P, Weekers F, et al (2001) Intensive insulin therapy in critically ill patients. N Engl J Med 345:1359–1367 [Google Scholar]
  • Hebert PC, Wells G, Blajchman MA, et al (1999) A multicenter, randomized, controlled clinical trial of transfusion requirements in critical care. Transfusion Requirements in Critical Care Investigators, Canadian Critical Care Trials Group. N Engl J Med 340:409–417 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Brower RG, Lanken PN, MacIntyre N, et al (2004) Higher versus lower positive end-expiratory pressures in patients with the acute respiratory distress syndrome. N Engl J Med 351:327–336 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Holst LB, Haase N, Wetterslev J, et al (2014) Lower versus higher hemoglobin threshold for transfusion in septic shock. N Engl J Med 371:1381–1391 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Investigators A, Group ACT, Peake SL, et al 2014) Goal-directed resuscitation for patients with early septic shock. N Engl J Med 371:1496–1506 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Investigators P, Yealy DM, Kellum JA, et al (2014) A randomized trial of protocol-based care for early septic shock. N Engl J Med 370:1683–1693 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Sprung CL, Annane D, Keh D, et al (2008) Hydrocortisone therapy for patients with septic shock. N Engl J Med 358:111–124 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Investigators N-SS, Finfer S, Chittock DR, et al (2009) Intensive versus conventional glucose control in critically ill patients. N Engl J Med 360:1283–1297 [Google Scholar]
  • Société de Réanimation de Langue Française (French-language society of intensive care, SRLF). [] [Google Scholar]
  • Dellinger RP, Levy MM, Rhodes A, et al (2013) Surviving Sepsis Campaign: international guidelines for management of severe sepsis and septic shock, 2012. Intensive Care Med 39:165–228 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Ferrer R, Artigas A, Levy MM, et al (2008) Improvement in process of care and outcome after a multicenter severe sepsis educational program in Spain. JAMA 299:2294–2303 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Levy MM, Dellinger RP, Townsend SR, et al (2010) The Surviving Sepsis Campaign: results of an international guideline-based performance improvement program targeting severe sepsis. Crit Care Med 38:367–374 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Gaieski DF, Mikkelsen ME, Band RA, et al (2010) Impact of time to antibiotics on survival in patients with severe sepsis or septic shock in whom early goal-directed therapy was initiated in the emergency department. Crit Care Med 38:1045–1053 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Schramm GE, Kashyap R, Mullon JJ, et al (2011) Septic shock: a multidisciplinary response team and weekly feedback to clinicians improve the process of care and mortality. Crit Care Med 39:252–258 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Daly K, Beale R, Chang RW. 2001) Reduction in mortality after inappropriate early discharge from intensive care unit: logistic regression triage model. BMJ 322:1274–1276 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Bernard GR, Vincent JL, Laterre PF, et al (2001) Efficacy and safety of recombinant human activated protein C for severe sepsis. N Engl J Med 344:699–709 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Asfar P, Meziani F, Hamel JF, et al (2014) High versus low blood-pressure target in patients with septic shock. N Engl J Med 370:1583–1593 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Caironi P, Tognoni G, Masson S, et al (2014) Albumin replacement in patients with severe sepsis or septic shock. N Engl J Med 370:1412–1421 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Pro CI, Yealy DM, Kellum JA, et al (2014) A randomized trial of protocol-based care for early septic shock. N Engl J Med 370:1683–1693 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Brun-Buisson C, Meshaka P, Pinton P, et al (2004) EPISEPSIS: a reappraisal of the epidemiology and outcome of severe sepsis in French intensive care units. Intensive Care Med 30:580–588 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Pavon A, Binquet C, Kara F, et al (2013) Profile of the risk of death after septic shock in the present era: an epidemiologic study. Crit Care Med 41:2600–2609 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Goldfrad C, Rowan K. 2000) Consequences of discharges from intensive care at night. Lancet 355:1138–1142 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Moreno R, Miranda DR, Matos R, et al (2001) Mortality after discharge from intensive care: the impact of organ system failure and nursing workload use at discharge. Intensive Care Med 27:999–1004 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Schweickert WD, Pohlman MC, Pohlman AS, et al (2009) Early physical and occupational therapy in mechanically ventilated, critically ill patients: a randomised controlled trial. Lancet 373:1874–1882 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Needham DM. 2008) Mobilizing patients in the intensive care unit: improving neuromuscular weakness and physical function. JAMA 300:1685–1690 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Sauneuf B, Champigneulle B, Soummer A, et al (2013) Increased survival of cirrhotic patients with septic shock. Crit Care 17:R78 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Das V, Boelle PY, Galbois A, et al (2010) Cirrhotic patients in the medical intensive care unit: early prognosis and long-term survival. Crit Care Med 38:2108–2116 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Johnson MT, Reichley R, Hoppe-Bauer J, et al (2011) Impact of previous antibiotic therapy on outcome of Gram-negative severe sepsis. Crit Care Med 39:1859–1865 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Boyd JH, Forbes J, Nakada TA, et al (2011) Fluid resuscitation in septic shock: a positive fluid balance and elevated central venous pressure are associated with increased mortality. Crit Care Med 39:259–265 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Alsous F, Khamiees M, DeGirolamo A, et al (2000) Negative fluid balance predicts survival in patients with septic shock: a retrospective pilot study. Chest 117:1749–1754 [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  • Alberti C, Brun-Buisson C, Burchardi H, et al (2002) Epidemiology of sepsis and infection in ICU patients from an international multicentre cohort study. Intensive Care Med 28:108–121 [Google Scholar]

Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.

Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.

Initial download of the metrics may take a while.